Chronic diseases can be stated as the conditions that last for at least 1 year or more and need continuous medical attention or limit activities of daily living or both. Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are major reasons for death and disability in the world. Some of the examples of chronic diseases are heart disease, cancer, diabetes, stroke, and arthritis.
Harmful effects of chronic diseases:-
Physical changes from any disease have an adverse effect on your appearance. These changes can decrease a positive level of self esteem to a poor one. Some mental stress disorders such as depression and anxiety are usual queries of people with chronic diseases, but they are extremely treatable. Chronic illness also can influence your ability to figure . Stiffness in the morning, decreased range of joint motion, and other physical limitations may force you to switch your work activities and surroundings.
What is chronic disease management?
Chronic Disease Management (CDM) is ongoing care and support to help individuals impacted by a chronic health condition with the medical aid , knowledge, skills and resources they have to raise and manage on a day to day basis. This may include regular visits and support from your family physician, other medical care providers, community-based programs or referrals to specialist programs and services.
Treatment of chronic disease
Chronic disease management services come in many forms including surgery, physical therapy, psychological therapy and radiotherapy.
Good chronic disease management services includes care and support that is:
- Well integrated with primary care (e.g. your family or personal doctor’s) and the broader community.
- Easily accessible
- Has a focus on improvement of health and well being
- Encourages involvement of the patient and family in their own care and supports his or her continuing self management.
Disease management can increase quality of life for the patient, but hospitals and physicians also are key beneficiaries of a chronic disease management approach. From the doctor’s perspective, it is beneficial to regularly interact with individuals who are at the risk for developing complex symptoms. Understanding the patient’s condition in-depth helps providers to identify abnormalities before they progress to dangerous, complex, and ultimately untreatable phases. It is useful for the medical team to also understand the patient’s social environment as one’s location in society may impact the power to follow through with treatment plans. Finally, hospital systems also are likely to monetarily enjoy disease management, as “charity cases,” i.e., poor individuals lacking adequate insurance coverage, are less likely to need costly hospital admission. While the advantages of chronic disease management are numerous, the implementation of this model of care provision is currently flawed, especially with reference to low-income, inner-city patients. Adequate disease control requires that a patient have a daily health-care provider who coordinates and co-manages care, thereby preventing the patient’s hospitalization.
Best physicians, certified nurse midwives, clinical nurse specialists, nurse practitioners, and health practitioner assistants may additionally provide chronic care control offerings. The chronic care model aims to reform and reinforce the fitness device, shipping system, decision help, medical records structures, Self-management support, and network assets. With those reformed systems, a knowledgeable patient, and a prepared care group, there will be advanced results.